Shakey the Robot

gadgets/shakeyrobot.jpgThe first mobile robot to visually interpret its environment, Shakey can locate items, navigate around them, and reason about its actions.

Named for its erratic and jerky style of movement, Shakey stands six feet tall and is equipped with a TV camera, a triangulating range finder, bumpers, and a wireless video system. He was developed over a six-year period beginning in 1966 by Artificial Intelligence Center (AIC). Today, the robot resides in the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, Calif.

"The mission of the Robot Hall of Fame is to credit the work of the early pioneers in robotics and heighten public awareness of this science which has so many possibilities for helping people well into the future," said Rodney Brooks, Ph.D., director of MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. Dr. Brooks serves on the jury charged with selecting the robots inducted each year. "I'm so pleased to see Shakey's substantial legacy and influence on today's work in artificial intelligence and robotics recognized through this honor."

This year's robots were selected by a jury with backgrounds in technology, science fiction and entertainment including Steve Wozniak, co-founder of Apple, Inc.; Sir Arthur C. Clarke, writer and futurist; and Ruzena Bajcsy, a roboticist at the University of California, Berkeley.

Four other robots join Shakey as Robot Hall of Fame 2004 July 2004 (Newstream) -- SRI International, an independent nonprofit research institute, today announced that Carnegie Mellon University has selected SRI's pioneering "Shakey" robot for induction into the Robot Hall of FameTM. Shakey and four other celebrated robots will be honored in a ceremony on October 11 at the Carnegie Science Center in Pittsburgh, Penn. Shakey was the first autonomous mobile robot capable of sensing its environment and then navigating its own course.

"SRI's Shakey was a true pioneer, showing that truly autonomous robotic behavior was feasible long before anyone else," said James Morris, Ph.D., Carnegie Mellon University professor of Computer Science and dean of the West Coast Campus.

"Shakey was the project that put the SRI Artificial Intelligence Center on the map," said Ray Perrault, Ph.D., AI Center director. "It really was fundamental, not only to robotics but to AI in general." SRI International's inductees: ASIMO, developed by Honda Motor Co. Ltd., the world's most advanced humanoid robot; Astroboy, the Japanese animation of a robot with a soul; C3PO, a character from the "Star Wars" series; and Robby the Robot from MGM's "Forbidden Planet." The Mars Pathfinder Sojourner Rover, Unimate, R2-D2, and HAL 9000 were inducted at the first annual induction ceremony in 2003.

The School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University established the Robot Hall of Fame (www.robothallofframe.orgwww.robothallofframe.org) in 2003 to honor landmark achievements in robotics technology and the increasing contributions of robots to human endeavors. Two categories of robots are honored in the Robot Hall of Fame: Robots from Science - which have served a useful function and demonstrated real skills in accomplishing the purpose for which they were created - and Robots from Science Fiction. Shakey enters into the Hall of Fame this year in the Robots from Science category.

The Shakey project was led by the late Charles Rosen. Other major contributors include Nils Nilsson, Alfred Brain, Bertram Raphael, Richard Duda, Peter Hart, Richard Fikes, Richard Waldinger, Thomas Garvey, Jay Tenenbaum, and Michael Wilber. To view the historical Shakey documentary, visit www.ai.sri.com/movies/Shakey.ramwww.ai.sri.com/movies/Shakey.ram